Assigning User Permissions

Continuing with the new author George, when George registered, an e-mail message was also sent to you, as the administrator, informing you of the new registration. You need to log in to your blog and promote the new user George to allow him to post stories. Click Users along the top of the administration page, and then click Authors & Users. You will see the lists of authors and registered users, as shown in Figure 15-19. Authors are registered users who have permission to create posts. Registered users are registered but not able to create any posts.

■ Note If you have the "Users must be registered and logged in to comment" option turned on, those users who are registered can log in and comment, even if they haven't been promoted. You can find this setting on the General Options page in the Membership section.

Click the Promote button to promote George to level 1. He will then become an author and be listed in the Authors section (at the top of Figure 15-19). From there, you can promote him further to enable different capabilities, as listed in Table 15-2. For example, a level 2 author sees a different list of drafts than authors at other levels, as shown in Figure 15-20.

■ Note When authors have edit and manage privileges, they can manage the posts and links of only users with lower levels.

Figure 15-19. Authors & Users page
Figure 15-20. Manage posts from a user level 2 perspective

■ Note The next version of WordPress will have a completely overhauled user privileges system based on roles and permissions, rather than levels.

Table 15-2. UJser Levels



Level 1 Authors can create only drafts. They can edit their own drafts, of course. They can see comments including unmoderated ones, but cannot change them. They can delete and edit their own posts, too, even published ones. If they edit a published post, it goes back into draft mode and needs to be approved again.

Level 2 Authors can publish their own posts, as well as edit and publish the drafts of level 1 authors.

Level 3 Brings no extra privileges, other than the ability to edit and publish the posts of authors with levels 2 and 1.

Level 4 Authors can additionally manage categories and moderate comments.

Level 5 Authors can create pages, create and manage links (topics covered in the next chapter), and see and edit the details of users with lower levels.

Level 6 Authors can upload files, though this is configurable in the options. They can also change options at this level.

Level 7 By default, brings no extra privileges.

Level 8 Authors can manage the themes and plug-ins.

Level 9 Authors can manage the posts and links of level 8 users. This level brings no other extra privileges.

Level 10 The author has the same privileges as level 9, but WordPress allows only one user to be level 10.

As a level 1 author, George can create draft posts only. For some communities, this is a great feature. It allows you to have many contributing authors, but not run the risk of them publishing unacceptable posts on your blog. You can have a number of editors who can edit and approve the contributed posts for publication. If you have a wide and varied roster of contributors, this approach can really build your community.

When you have multiple authors, you can provide links to list all the posts by an individual author. Unfortunately, neither of the themes provided with WordPress has this functionality built in.

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